Periodontal Disease

Dr. Ed Monroe is fully trained in various treatments of periodontal disease. Providing Illinois Valley patients with effective periodontal disease treatments to get healthier gums and smile.

Periodontal Disease: An Overview of a Common Oral Health Condition

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, ligaments, and bone. It is one of the most common oral health issues and, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss and other complications.

Normal Tooth vs. Periodontitis
Normal Tooth vs. Periodontitis

Common Causes Of Periodontal Disease

Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate oral hygiene practices, such as irregular brushing and flossing, can lead to the buildup of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that can irritate and inflame the gums, eventually leading to gum disease.

poor oral hygiene
dental plaque

Dental Plaque and Calculus

Plaque that is not removed through regular oral care can harden into tartar or calculus. Calculus provides a rough surface for further plaque buildup, making it more difficult to remove and increasing the risk of gum disease.

Tobacco Use

Smoking or using tobacco products is a significant risk factor for periodontal disease. Tobacco use impairs blood flow to the gums, weakens the immune system, and hampers the body's ability to fight infections, making smokers more susceptible to gum disease.

tobacco use

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can make the gums more sensitive and susceptible to inflammation. This increased vulnerability can contribute to the development or progression of periodontal disease.


Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to periodontal disease. Certain genetic factors can affect the body's immune response to bacterial infections, making some people more susceptible to gum disease even with good oral hygiene practices.

systemic health conditions

Systemic Health Conditions

Certain systemic health conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and immune disorders, can increase the risk of developing periodontal disease. Additionally, medications used to treat these conditions can have oral health side effects, further contributing to gum disease.

Poor Nutrition

A diet lacking in essential nutrients, particularly vitamin C and antioxidants, can weaken the immune system and impair gum health. A balanced diet is crucial for maintaining strong teeth and healthy gums.

Poor Nutrition


Chronic stress can weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to combat infections, including gum disease. Additionally, stress may lead to unhealthy coping mechanisms like poor oral hygiene or increased tobacco and alcohol use, which can contribute to periodontal disease.

The Genesis of Gum Disease: Understanding Gingivitis and Plaque Formation

Periodontal disease typically begins with an infection and inflammation of the gums, a condition known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. When plaque is not properly removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar or calculus, which irritates the gums and causes inflammation.

Identifying Early Warning Signs: Symptoms of Gingivitis

In the early stages of periodontal disease (gingivitis), the symptoms may include red, swollen, and tender gums that may bleed easily during brushing or flossing. Bad breath or a persistent bad taste in the mouth can also be present. At this stage, the damage is reversible with proper treatment and improved oral hygiene practices.

From Gingivitis to Periodontitis: Progression and Impact on Gum and Bone

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into periodontitis. In periodontitis, the infection and inflammation spread below the gumline, causing the gums to recede from the teeth. This creates pockets between the gums and teeth, which can become infected with bacteria. As the immune system responds to the infection, the body's own enzymes and inflammatory substances can start to break down the tissues and bone supporting the teeth.

The Consequences of Neglect: Complications and Tooth Loss

As periodontitis advances, the pockets deepen, leading to further destruction of the gum tissue and bone. This can eventually result in tooth loss, as the weakened support structures can no longer hold the teeth in place. In some cases, individuals may also experience changes in their bite or the shifting of teeth.

How long can you keep your teeth with periodontal disease

The longevity of teeth with periodontal disease can vary greatly depending on several factors, including the severity of the disease, the effectiveness of treatment, individual oral hygiene practices, and overall health.

The Reversible Stage: Gingivitis and the Potential for Preservation

In the early stages of periodontal disease (gingivitis), the damage to the gums and supporting structures is reversible with proper treatment and improved oral hygiene. With timely intervention and good oral care, the teeth can be preserved, and the progression of the disease can be halted or slowed down.

Advanced Stages: Periodontitis and the Risk of Tooth Loss

However, if the periodontal disease progresses to advanced stages (periodontitis) and is left untreated, it can significantly damage the supporting structures, including bone loss and tooth mobility. In severe cases, tooth loss may occur. Once bone loss has occurred, it cannot be reversed.

Chronic Management: Ongoing Care for Periodontal Disease

It is important to note that periodontal disease is a chronic condition that requires ongoing management and maintenance. Regular dental check-ups, professional cleanings, and diligent oral hygiene practices are crucial for controlling the disease and preserving the teeth.

Proactive Approach: Seeking Treatment and Committing to Oral Hygiene

The prognosis for teeth with periodontal disease can be improved with timely and appropriate treatment and a commitment to maintaining good oral hygiene practices. Seeking professional dental care, following recommended treatment plans, and adopting a proactive approach to oral health can significantly increase the chances of retaining teeth affected by periodontal disease. Contact Us Today For A Checkup

Factors at Play: Understanding the Causes and Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease

Various factors contribute to the development and progression of periodontal disease. Poor oral hygiene, smoking, genetics, hormonal changes, certain medications, and systemic health conditions such as diabetes can increase the risk of developing gum disease. Additionally, a weakened immune system, stress, and poor nutrition can also affect the body's ability to combat the infection and inflammation associated with periodontal disease.

Combating the Disease: Treatment Approaches for Periodontal Disease

The treatment of periodontal disease aims to control the infection, reduce inflammation, and prevent further damage to the supporting structures of the teeth. It typically involves a combination of professional dental care and good oral hygiene practices at home. Treatments may include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning), antibiotic therapy, gum grafts, and in severe cases, surgical interventions.

Prevention is Key: Strategies for Maintaining Oral Health and Preventing Gum Disease

Prevention is key in managing periodontal disease. Regular brushing and flossing, along with routine dental check-ups and professional cleanings, can help remove plaque and tartar and identify any signs of gum disease at an early stage. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding tobacco use, and managing underlying health conditions can contribute to overall oral health and reduce the risk of periodontal disease.

Seeking Professional Care: Importance of Dental Check-ups and Prompt Treatment

It's important to seek dental care if you experience any symptoms of gum disease or have concerns about your oral health. Early detection and intervention can help prevent the progression of periodontal disease and preserve your oral health and well-being. Contact Us To Get Scheduled To Get Checkout Out Now!

Best Dental Cleaning LaSalle, Ottawa, Spring Valley & Surrounding IL Valley Areas

A Lifetime of Smiles, Dr. Ed Monroe
Based on 778 reviews
review us on
Dr. Ed and his amazing staff never fail to impress me. They make it easy to have any procedure from regular cleanings to major dental work done. A special shout out to Gina, the best dental hygienist ever! You guys are the best! Thank you Gina and thank you Dr Pat you do everything you can to make me comfortable whenever I m there. 🥰
Response from the owner: Thank you so much for the review Nancy!
My experience going to lifetime of smiles is always so delightful. From the time I walk in the door everyone is so pleasant from the office staff to my hygienist Gina. Who by the way is the best . She always makes you feel comfortable and at ease and in good hands. She very professional and personable .she really takes time to explain everything she does and answers all your question's. you never feel rushed and she does an excellent job cleaning your teeth. Dr Pat came in that day after my cleaning and he’s like Gina explains everything to you and answers any questions you may have. He’s an excellent dentist and very knowledgeable. I’ve been going there for a very long time and always get great care.
Response from the owner: Thank you Gladys for your 5 star review! I missed you! I am so happy Dr. Pat was able to help you and Ed!!
Another crown put in by Dr Ed he did an excellent job as always been going to A Lifetime of Smiles for years from dental implants to crown’s to cleaning’s. Dr Pat is a great dentist too along with the hole staff never had a bad experience or any pain while being worked on Highly recommend going to A Lifetime of Smiles for any dental work I always leave with a smile on my face.
Response from the owner: Thank you so much for your loyalty Robert! We truly appreciate you!
Dr. Ed and the lovely Gina really put the sun in my shine. After how well they performed my routine cleaning, I’m now considering them to put in a set of 24k gold grillz. I’m not exactly sure he does that type of work, but I’ll gladly be his first patient. I can say with conviction, if your teeth are tigers, Dr. Ed is Joe Exotic. And Gina is the glue that holds it all together.
Response from the owner: Jake, you are awesome and a ton of fun!! Thank you for the wonderful review. I am not sure about Joe Exotic...

Why Wait? Schedule Your Appointment Today!